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The impact of physiological stress conditions on protein structure and trypsin inhibition of serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) and its N34S variant

  • One of the most common mutations in the serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) gene is the N34S variant which is strongly associated with chronic pancreatitis. Although it is assumed that N34S mutation constitutes a high-risk factor, the underlying pathologic mechanism is still unknown. In the present study, we investigated the impact of physiological stress factors on SPINK1 protein structure and trypsin inhibitor function using biophysical methods. Our circular dichroism spectroscopy data revealed differences in the secondary structure of SPINK1 and N34S mutant suggesting protein structural changes induced by the mutation as an impairment that could be disease-relevant. We further confirmed that both SPINK1 (KD of 0.15 ± 0.06 nM) and its N34S variant (KD of 0.08 ± 0.02 nM) have similar binding affinity and inhibitory effect towards trypsin as shown by surface plasmon resonance and trypsin inhibition assay studies, respectively. We found that stress conditions such as altered ion concentrations (i.e. potassium, calcium), temperature shifts, as well as environmental pH lead to insignificant differences in trypsin inhibition between SPINK1 and N34S mutant. However, we have shown that the environmental pH induces structural changes in both SPINK1 constructs in a different manner. Our findings suggest protein structural changes in the N34S variant as an impairment of SPINK1 and environmental pH shift as a trigger that could play a role in disease progression of pancreatitis.

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Author: Ina Buchholz, Felix Nagel, Annelie Klein, Preshit R. Wagh, Ujjwal M. Mahajan, Andreas Greinacher, Markus M. Lerch, Julia Mayerle, Mihaela Delcea
Parent Title (English):Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2020
Release Date:2020/12/21
First Page:140281
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung