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Drug-induced activation of integrin alpha IIb beta 3 leads to minor localized structural changes

  • Integrins are transmembrane proteins involved in hemostasis, wound healing, immunity and cancer. In response to intracellular signals and ligand binding, integrins adopt different conformations: the bent (resting) form; the intermediate extended form; and the ligand-occupied active form. An integrin undergoing such conformational dynamics is the heterodimeric platelet receptor αIIbβ3. Although the dramatic rearrangement of the overall structure of αIIbβ3 during the activation process is potentially related to changes in the protein secondary structure, this has not been investigated so far in a membrane environment. Here we examine the Mn2+- and drug-induced activation of αIIbβ3 and the impact on the structure of this protein reconstituted into liposomes. By quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring and activation assays we show that Mn2+ induces binding of the conformation-specific antibody PAC-1, which only recognizes the extended, active integrin. Circular dichroism pectroscopy reveals, however, that Mn2+-treatment does not induce major secondary structural changes of αIIbβ3. Similarly, we found that treatment with clinically relevant drugs (e.g. quinine) led to the activation of αIIbβ3 without significant changes in protein secondary structure. Molecular dynamics simulation studies revealed minor local changes in the beta-sheet probability of several extracellular domains of the integrin. Our experimental setup represents a new approach to study transmembrane proteins, especially integrins, in a membrane environment and opens a new way for testing drug binding to integrins under clinically relevant conditions.

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Author: Una Janke, Martin Kulke, Ina Buchholz, Norman Geist, Walter Langel, Mihaela Delcea
Parent Title (English):PLOS ONE
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2019
Release Date:2020/12/22
First Page:e0214969
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung