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What’s a Biofilm?—How the Choice of the Biofilm Model Impacts the Protein Inventory of Clostridioides difficile

  • The anaerobic pathogen Clostridioides difficile is perfectly equipped to survive and persist inside the mammalian intestine. When facing unfavorable conditions C. difficile is able to form highly resistant endospores. Likewise, biofilms are currently discussed as form of persistence. Here a comprehensive proteomics approach was applied to investigate the molecular processes of C. difficile strain 630Δerm underlying biofilm formation. The comparison of the proteome from two different forms of biofilm-like growth, namely aggregate biofilms and colonies on agar plates, revealed major differences in the formation of cell surface proteins, as well as enzymes of its energy and stress metabolism. For instance, while the obtained data suggest that aggregate biofilm cells express both flagella, type IV pili and enzymes required for biosynthesis of cell-surface polysaccharides, the S-layer protein SlpA and most cell wall proteins (CWPs) encoded adjacent to SlpA were detected in significantly lower amounts in aggregate biofilm cells than in colony biofilms. Moreover, the obtained data suggested that aggregate biofilm cells are rather actively growing cells while colony biofilm cells most likely severely suffer from a lack of reductive equivalents what requires induction of the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway and C. difficile’s V-type ATPase to maintain cell homeostasis. In agreement with this, aggregate biofilm cells, in contrast to colony biofilm cells, neither induced toxin nor spore production. Finally, the data revealed that the sigma factor SigL/RpoN and its dependent regulators are noticeably induced in aggregate biofilms suggesting an important role of SigL/RpoN in aggregate biofilm formation.

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Author: Madita Brauer, Christian Lassek, Christian Hinze, Juliane Hoyer, Dörte Becher, Dieter Jahn, Susanne Sievers, Katharina Riedel
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in Microbiology
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
Document Type:Article
Date of first Publication:2021/06/10
Release Date:2021/06/29
Tag:RpoN signaling; aggregate biofilm; biofilm; cell surface antigens; colony biofilm; proteomics
GND Keyword:-
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Abteilung für Mikrobiologie und Molekularbiologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung