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Marine Polysaccharides: Occurrence, Enzymatic Degradation and Utilization

  • Abstract Macroalgae species are fast growing and their polysaccharides are already used as food ingredient due to their properties as hydrocolloids or they have potential high value bioactivity. The degradation of these valuable polysaccharides to access the sugar components has remained mostly unexplored so far. One reason is the high structural complexity of algal polysaccharides, but also the need for suitable enzyme cocktails to obtain oligo‐ and monosaccharides. Among them, there are several rare sugars with high value. Recently, considerable progress was made in the discovery of highly specific carbohydrate‐active enzymes able to decompose complex marine carbohydrates such as carrageenan, laminarin, agar, porphyran and ulvan. This minireview summarizes these achievements and highlights potential applications of the now accessible abundant renewable resource of marine polysaccharides.

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Metadaten
Author: Marcus Bäumgen, Theresa Dutschei, Uwe T. Bornscheuer
URN:urn:nbn:de:gbv:9-opus-56127
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.202100078
Parent Title (English):ChemBioChem
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of first Publication:2021/07/01
Release Date:2021/10/08
Tag:CAZymes; carrageenan; laminarin; marine polysaccharides; porphyran; ulvan
GND Keyword:-
Volume:22
Issue:13
First Page:2247
Last Page:2256
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Chemie und Biochemie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung