Volltext-Downloads (blau) und Frontdoor-Views (grau)

Bitte verwenden Sie diesen Link, wenn Sie dieses Dokument zitieren oder verlinken wollen: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:9-opus-58409

Mental Health in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic : Current Knowledge and Implications From a European Perspective

  • The COVID-19 pandemic is one of the most serious health and economic crises of the 21st century. From a psychological point of view, the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences can be conceptualized as a multidimensional and potentially toxic stressor for mental health in the general population. This selective literature review provides an overview of longitudinal studies published until June 2021 that have investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in the European population. Risk and protective factors identified in the studies are summarized. Forty-two studies that met inclusion and search criteria (COVID-19, mental health, longitudinal, and Europe) in PubMed, PsycInfo, and Web of Science databases indicate differential effects of the pandemic on mental distress, depression, and anxiety, depending on samples and methods used. Age-specific (e.g., young age), social (e.g., female, ethnical minority, loneliness), as well as physical and mental health-related factors (e.g., pre-pandemic illness) were identified as risk factors for poor mental health. The studies point to several protective factors such as social support, higher cognitive ability, resilience, and self-efficacy. Increasing evidence supports the assumption of the pandemic being a multidimensional stressor on mental health, with some populations appearing more vulnerable than others, although inconsistencies arise. Whether the pandemic will lead to an increase in the prevalence of mental disorders is an open question. Further high-quality longitudinal and multi-national studies and meta-analyses are needed to draw the complete picture of the consequences of the pandemic on mental health.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar


Author: Janine Wirkner, Hanna Christiansen, Christine Knaevelsrud, Ulrike Lüken, Susanne Wurm, Silvia Schneider, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier
Parent Title (English):European Psychologist
Publisher:Hogrefe Publishing
Place of publication:Göttingen
Document Type:Article
Date of first Publication:2021/10/01
Release Date:2022/07/06
Tag:COVID-19 pandemic; clinical psychology; longitudinal research; mental health; psychotherapy
GND Keyword:-
First Page:310
Last Page:322
Faculties:Universitätsmedizin / Institut für Epidemiologie u. Sozialmedizin
Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung