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An in vitro study of the effects of physical plasma on the bonding of orthodontic brackets – can etching be replaced?

  • Objectives: This study investigates the effectiveness of the Cold AP on the alteration of the enamel surface without using acid etchant by using Conventional photo-activated resin bond to bond the orthodontic brackets. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-five Enamel specimens are prepared from disinfected bovine mandibular incisors are divided into five groups. Group I: brackets are attached on the enamel surface with the standard adhesive technique (etch + primer +bond). Group II: the brackets are attached with the Standard Orthodontic adhesive technique without etching. Group III: the enamel surface is conditioned with pure Argon Cold atmospheric plasma before the application of the primer without using an acid etchant. Group IV: the enamel surface is conditioned with the admixture of Argon Cold atmospheric plasma with 0.5 % Oxygen before the application of the primer without using acid etchant Group V: after the application of Argon Cold atmospheric plasma with 0.5 % Oxygen the surface is rewetted by deionized water before the application of the primer and adhesive. After that, the samples are exposed to thermal cycling. The shear bond strength of the samples is tested by the universal testing machine which measured the maximum force at which the brackets are deboned from the tooth surface at a speed of 1mm/minute is measured. Results: Significant intergroup differences were found. Group V showed the highest shear bond strength followed by Group I, VI, III, II respectively. There isn’t a statistical difference in the values of The Shear bond strength values between Group III and IV. Conclusions: this study implies that Cold Atmospheric Plasma is a safe method to change the chemical surface characteristics of the enamel surface.in addition to the significant importance of plasma treatment followed by water rewetting, which could enhance adhesion between the orthodontic attachments and the enamel layer

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Author: Mostafa Alzahar
Title Additional (English):Eine In-vitro-Studie über die Auswirkungen von physikalischem Plasma auf die Kleben von kieferorthopädischen Brackets – kann geätzt werden ersetzt?
Referee:Prof. Dr Karl-Friedrich Krey, Prof. Dr Franka Stahl
Advisor:Prof. Dr Karl-Friedrich Krey
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Year of Completion:2023
Date of first Publication:2023/02/20
Granting Institution:Universität Greifswald, Universitätsmedizin
Date of final exam:2023/01/25
Release Date:2023/02/20
GND Keyword:Plasma
Page Number:67
Faculties:Universitätsmedizin / Poliklinik für Kieferorthopädie, Präventive Zahnmedizin und Kinderzahnheilkunde
DDC class:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit