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Bitte verwenden Sie diesen Link, wenn Sie dieses Dokument zitieren oder verlinken wollen: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:9-opus-39959

Adult neurogenesis in crayfish: Origin, expansion, and migration of neural progenitor lineages in a pseudostratified neuroepithelium

  • Abstract Two decades after the discovery of adult‐born neurons in the brains of decapod crustaceans, the deutocerebral proliferative system (DPS) producing these neural lineages has become a model of adult neurogenesis in invertebrates. Studies on crayfish have provided substantial insights into the anatomy, cellular dynamics, and regulation of the DPS. Contrary to traditional thinking, recent evidence suggests that the neurogenic niche in the crayfish DPS lacks self‐renewing stem cells, its cell pool being instead sustained via integration of hemocytes generated by the innate immune system. Here, we investigated the origin, division and migration patterns of the adult‐born neural progenitor (NP) lineages in detail. We show that the niche cell pool is not only replenished by hemocyte integration but also by limited numbers of symmetric cell divisions with some characteristics reminiscent of interkinetic nuclear migration. Once specified in the niche, first generation NPs act as transit‐amplifying intermediate NPs that eventually exit and produce multicellular clones as they move along migratory streams toward target brain areas. Different clones may migrate simultaneously in the streams but occupy separate tracks and show spatio‐temporally flexible division patterns. Based on this, we propose an extended DPS model that emphasizes structural similarities to pseudostratified neuroepithelia in other arthropods and vertebrates. This model includes hemocyte integration and intrinsic cell proliferation to synergistically counteract niche cell pool depletion during the animal's lifespan. Further, we discuss parallels to recent findings on mammalian adult neurogenesis, as both systems seem to exhibit a similar decoupling of proliferative replenishment divisions and consuming neurogenic divisions.

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Author: Georg Brenneis, Barbara S. Beltz
Parent Title (English):Journal of Comparative Neurology
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Place of publication:Hoboken, USA
Document Type:Article
Date of first Publication:2020/04/12
Release Date:2020/12/01
Tag:BrdU, EdU, RRID: AB_2338006, RRID: AB_2338362, RRID: AB_2338459, RRID: AB_2338914, RRID: AB_2341179, RRID: AB_261811, RRID: AB_477585, RRID: SCR_007370, RRID: SCR_010279, RRID: SCR_014199, adoptive transfer, cell proliferation, nervous system, neural stem cell
GND Keyword:-
First Page:1459
Last Page:1485
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Zoologisches Institut und Museum
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung