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Connectivity-Based Predictions of Hand Motor Outcome for Patients at the Subacute Stage After Stroke

  • Background: Connectivity-based predictions of hand motor outcome have been proposed to be useful in stroke patients. We intended to assess the prognostic value of different imaging methods on short-term (3 months) and long-term (6 months) motor outcome after stroke. Methods: We measured resting state functional connectivity (rsFC), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and grip strength in 19 stroke patients within the first days (5–9 days) after stroke. Outcome measurements for short-term (3 months) and long-term (6 months) motor function was assessed by the Motricity Index (MI) of the upper limb and the box and block test (BB). Patients were predominantly mildly affected since signed consent was necessary at inclusion. We performed a multiple stepwise regression analysis to compare the predictive value of rsFC, DWI and clinical measurements. Results: Patients showed relevant improvement in both motor outcome tests. As expected grip strength at inclusion was a predictor for short- and long-term motor outcome as assessed by MI. Diffusion-based tract volume (DTV) of the tracts between ipsilesional primary motor cortex and contralesional anterior cerebellar hemisphere showed a strong trend (p = 0.05) for a predictive power for long-term motor outcome as measured by MI. DTV of the interhemispheric tracts between both primary motor cortices was predictive for both short- and long-term motor outcome in BB. rsFC was not associated with motor outcome. Conclusions: Grip strength is a good predictor of hand motor outcome concerning strength-related measurements (MI) for mildly affected subacute patients. Therefore additional connectivity measurements seem to be redundant in this group. Using more complex movement recruiting bilateral motor areas as an outcome parameter, DTV and in particular interhemispheric pathways might enhance predictive value of hand motor outcome.

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Metadaten
Author: Julia Lindow, Martin Domin, Matthias Grothe, Ulrike Horn, Simon B. Eickhoff, Martin Lotze
URN:urn:nbn:de:gbv:9-opus-32680
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2016.00101
ISSN:1662-5161
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of first Publication:2016/03/09
Release Date:2020/10/08
Tag:diffusion weighted imaging, motor outcome, prediction, recovery, resting state fMRI, stroke
GND Keyword:-
Volume:10
Faculties:Universitätsmedizin / Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung