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Bitte verwenden Sie diesen Link, wenn Sie dieses Dokument zitieren oder verlinken wollen: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:9-200514-5

Geschlechterunterschiede im Verlauf unipolarer Depressionen : eine repräsentative Normalbevölkerungsstudie

  • keine Angaben
  • Several studies from different epidemiological backgrounds have shown that unipolar depression is more prevalent in females than in males. This study examines gender differences in depression in a sample of 4075 probands recruited representatively from the general population in the northern German epidemiological catchment area of Lübeck. Methods: Probands were interviewed with M-CIDI by lay interviewers. Results:The gender ratio increased with the minimum number of depressive symptoms. Female excess was not reduced by a higher degree of subjective impairment or melancholic features. Females also predominate in longer episode duration. Female excess in the total group emerged beginning from adolescence with a tendency for a male excess in the prepubescent ages. No birth cohort effect was observed. Limitations: The cross-sectional design of this study precluded causal analysis of reported associations and some retrospective assesments are errorprone because of recall bias. Conclusions: We support previous findings of variations in gender differences in depression. We found evidence for the possibility of an increased point prevalence in depression in females because of their longer episode durations. Different depression symptoms counts might influence the gender ratio of depression.

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Author: Tatjana Bartels
Title Additional (German):keine Angaben
Title Additional (English):Gender differences in unipolar depression : a general population survey
Advisor:Dr. M. Lucht
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2006/07/12
Granting Institution:Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Medizinische Fakultät (bis 2010)
Date of final exam:2005/03/14
Release Date:2006/07/12
GND Keyword:Depression, Frau, Mann
Faculties:Universitätsmedizin / Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie
DDC class:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit