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A geochemical and petrological study of the Tertiary ultrapotassic province in Serbia and its relation with other Serbian volcanic provinces

  • Serbian Tertiary ultrapotassic province is part of widespread but not voluminous basaltic magmatism in Serbia. Two principal groups of ultrapotassic rocks are recognized; the lamproite affinity group (LAG) and the kamafugite affinity group (KAG). My results demonstrate three dominant low-pressure evolutional processes: magma mixing and fractional crystallization, analcimization and heteromorphism. The two suites of ultrapotassic rocks show large ranges of Sr and Nd isotopic values but a restricted variation of Pb isotopes. LAG is characterized by wide ranges of Sr and Nd isotopes (87Sr/86Sri 0.70735- 0.71299, 143Nd/144Ndi 0.51251-0.51216). KAG is isotopically homogeneous with a limited range of Sr-Nd isotopes (87Sr/86Sri 0.70599-0.70674, 143Nd/144Ndi 0.51263-0.51256). The Pb isotope compositions of both groups are similar (206Pb/204Pb 18.581-18.832, 207Pb/204Pb 15.624-15.696 and 208Pb/204Pb 38.744-38.987), and fall within the pelagic sediment field resembling Mesozoic flysch sediments from the Vardar ophiolitic composite suture zone. Highly variable Sr and Nd isotopic signatures of primitive-LAG rocks correlate with REE fractionation and enrichment of the HFSE. I explain this correlation using vein+wall-rock melting model, invoking the presence of different metasomatic domains (veins with phlogopite, Cpx and F-apatite) that are out of isotopic equilibrium with the peridotite wall rock. Relatively uniform Sr and Nd isotopic data of KAG rocks, similar trace element patterns and small but regular variations of HFSE ratios, indicate different degrees of melting of a relatively homogeneously metasomatized mantle source. Geochemical modelling implies the role of phlogopite, apatite and Ti-oxide in their mantle source.
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Author: Dejan Prelevic
Title Additional (English):Geochemische und petrologische Untersuchungen an ultrapotassischen Gesteinen des Serbia
Title Additional (German):keine Angaben
Advisor:Dr. Hilary Downes
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2006/07/19
Granting Institution:Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät (bis 31.05.2018)
Date of final exam:2003/06/19
Release Date:2006/07/19
GND Keyword:Geochemie, Gesteinskunde, Balkan
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Geographie und Geologie
DDC class:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 550 Geowissenschaften, Geologie