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A Dynamics Investigation into Edge Plasma Turbulence

  • The present experimental work investigates plasma turbulence in the edge region of magnetized high-temperature plasmas. A main topic is the turbulent dynamics parallel to the magnetic field, where hitherto only a small data basis existed, especially for very long scale lengths in the order of ten of meters. A second point of special interest is the coupling of the dynamics parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field. This anisotropic turbulent dynamics is investigated by two different approaches. Firstly, spatially and temporally high-resolution measurements of fluctuating plasma parameters are investigated by means of two-point correlation analysis. Secondly, the propagation of signals externally imposed into the turbulent plasma background is studied. For both approaches, Langmuir probe arrays were utilized for diagnostic purposes. The main findings can be summarized as follows: Greatly elongated fluctuation structures exist in plasma edge turbulence. The structures are aligned along the confining magnetic field (k|| = 0). The correlation degree of fluctuations for a short connection length of 0.75m is greater than 80%. For much longer connection lengths of 23m and 66m, the correlation degree is reduced to approximately 40%. A conceptual interpretation of these observations is the coexistence of two different fluctuation components. One component has a correlation length parallel to the magnetic field below 20m and the other component a correlation length greater than 70m. Sine signals in the frequency range 1-100 kHz were injected into the turbulent plasma background. The propagation parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field of the signals was studied. In poloidal direction, an asymmetry is observed, that can be explained by a copropagation of the signal with the background E × B-rotation of the plasma. The signal propagation parallel to the magnetic field shows no such asymmetry. As an advanced approach, spatio-temporal wave patters were injected into the edge plasma. The waves launched that way can be seen as test waves' in a turbulent background. The coupling strength of the imposed wave patterns to the background turbulence relies on the match of the imposed waves to the dynamics of turbulent structures. If the propagation direction of the imposed waves is parallel to the propagation direction of the background plasma, improved coupling is observed. This finding underlines the importance of the background plasma rotation for future attempts of controlling the plasma edge turbulence. Further optimization of frequency and wave vector of the imposed waves is probably a promising approach for achieving a significant and systematic influence of turbulence. Taking into account the present experimental state-of-the-art, for a deeper insight into the mechanism of the plasma edge turbulence of magnetized high-temperature plasmas a joint effort of numerical modeling and experimental results is a valuable approach. Such a cooperation should cover the explanation of the correlation observations as well as the experiments on signal injection into background turbulence. A quantitative comparison between the results presented in this work and a dedicated numerical drift wave simulation would be a significant step forward to a better understanding of plasma edge turbulence.
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Author: Henning Thomsen
Title Additional (German):keine Angaben
Advisor:Prof. Dr. Thomas Klinger
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2006/07/24
Granting Institution:Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät (bis 31.05.2018)
Date of final exam:2002/05/31
Release Date:2006/07/24
Tag:Correlation Analysis; High-Temperature; Magnetized; W7-AS; Wendelstein
GND Keyword:Plasma, Stellarator, Tokamak
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Physik
DDC class:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 530 Physik