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Genome-wide analysis of nutrient starvation responses of Bacillus licheniformis

  • The Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus licheniformis is an important industrial host for the production of enzymes. Genomic DNA arrays and proteomics are being used to investigate the physiology of this bacterium. A genome-wide transcriptional profiling analysis of the adaptation of B. licheniformis to phosphate starvation shows more than 100 induced genes. Most of strongly induced genes belong to the putative Pho regulon. The data of the transcriptome analysis have been verified by the analysis of the extracellular and cytoplasmic proteome. The main response of B. licheniformis to glucose starvation was a switch to the usage of alternative carbon sources. In addition, B. licheniformis seems to be using other organic substances like amino acids and lipids as carbon sources when subjected to glucose starvation. This was indicated by the induction of a high number of genes the proteins of which are involved in amino acid and lipid degradation. During nitrogen starvation genes necessary for the recruitment of nitrogen from alternative sources were induced, e.g. genes for nitrate and nitrite assimilation, several proteases and peptidases. Both starvation conditions led to a down-regulation of the transcription of most vegetative genes and subsequently to a reduced synthesis of the corresponding proteins. Only a few genes were induced by both starvation conditions like yvyD, citA and the methylcitrate shunt genes mmgD, mmgE and yqiQ. Data of this study use to better understand the physiology of this bacterium during fermentation processes and thus to identify and circumvent bottlenecks of B. licheniformis based bioprocesses. In addition, the phytase promoter was tested for the construction of an alternative phosphate regulated expression system for B. licheniformis.
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Author: Thi Hoi Le
Title Additional (German):Genomeweite Analyse der Reaktion auf Nдhrstoffmangel von Bacillus licheniformis
Advisor:Prof. Dr. thomas Schweder
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2006/08/29
Granting Institution:Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät (bis 31.05.2018)
Date of final exam:2006/07/18
Release Date:2006/08/29
Tag:Bacillus licheniformis; phosphate starvation; proteome; transcriptome
GND Keyword:Bacillus licheniformis
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Abteilung für Mikrobiologie und Molekularbiologie
DDC class:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie