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Synthesis and evaluation of pseudosaccharin amine derivatives as potential elastase inhibitions

  • Elastase is a serine protease which by definition is able to solubilize elastin by hydrolytic cleavage.Human Leukocyte Elastase, HLE (EC, is involved in deseases such as adult respiatory distress syndrome, pulmonary emphysema, smoking related chronic bronchitits, ischemic-reperfusion injury and rheumatoid arthritis. Hence, the elastase inhibitors have clinical utility in these diseases. Heterocyclic compounds are one of the most important classes of the elastase inhibitiors. In the present work different pseudosaccharin amine derivatives were synthesized and tested against the elastase. The synthesis of pseudosaccharin amine dervatives was carried out from the amines and(1,1-dioxobenzo[d]isothiazol-3-ylsulfanyl)acetonitrile in different solvents. Futhermore, the pseudosaccharin amines were obtained by refluxing the thiosaccarinates in absolute acetic acid. The reaction of 3-ethoxybenzo[d]isothiazole 1,1-dioxide with different amines in dioxane under reflux resulted into the desired pseudosaccharin amine derivatives in higher yields. Pseudosaccharin chloride was also used in the synthesis of these derivatives.A detail study of the synthesis of pseudosaccharin amine dervatives from the above differnt routes is described. Peptides were also synthesized by using the mixed anhydride method. The ester, acid, amide and peptide derivatives were tested against the Porcine Pancreatic Elastase (PPE) and Human Leukocyte Elastase (HLE). The esters were found to be the reversible inhibitors of HLE. The process of the PPE inhibion by cyanomethyl(2S)-2-(1,1-dioxobenzo[d]isothiazol-3-ylamino)-3-methylbutanoate was studied. Michaelis-Menten curve and Lineweaver-Burk double reciprocal plot were constructed in order to study the kinetic of this reaction. The compounds showing high inhibition of HLE were further stuied for determination of their inhibitory constant(Ki). The esters were found to be the higly active compounds against HLE. The cyanomethyl(2S)-2-(1,1-dioxobenzo[d]isothiazol-3-ylamino)-3-methylbutanoate and cyanomethyl(2S,3S)-2-(1,1-dioxobenzo[d]isothiazol-3-ylamino)-3-methylpentanoate showed the competitive reversible inhibition of HLE.The cyanomethyl(2S,3S)-2-(1,1-dioxobenzo[d]isothiazol-3-ylamino)-3-methylpentanoate is highly potent inhibitor of HLE. The possible mechanism of inhibition of elastase by these compounds is discussed. Molecular modelling of some of the ester derivatives is also discussed.
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Author: Rode Haridas Baburao
Title Additional (English):Synthesis and evaluation of pseudosaccharin amine derivatives as potential elastase inhibitions
Title Additional (German):Synthese und Entwicklung von Derivaten der pseudosaccharin amine als potentielle Elastase Inhibitoren
Advisor:Prof. Dr. H.-H. Otto
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2006/06/23
Granting Institution:Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät (bis 31.05.2018)
Date of final exam:2006/02/01
Release Date:2006/06/23
Tag:Elastase inhibitions; Heterocycles; Pseudosaccharin amines; Reversible inhibitions; molecular modelling
GND Keyword:Pharmazie
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Pharmazie
DDC class:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 540 Chemie