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Gastrointestinal transit and erosion behavior of gel matrix tablets: Influence of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) molecular weight, concentration, and food intake conditions on in vivo erosion behavior

  • HPMC (Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose) based hydrophilic gel matrix tablets are one of the most commonly used monolithic extended release dosage forms used in the pharmaceutical industry. Drug release from the hydrated HPMC matrix is generally controlled by either diffusion or erosion, or a combination of both. Several studies have shown that for HPMC-based matrices with a high amount of poorly water-soluble additives, erosion is the predominant release mechanism. Erosion rates of these formulations vary significantly with changes in the matrix composition. Depending on the erosion rate, the drug delivery might occur over a shorter or longer time span and thus to different sites of action that are proximal or distal gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Erosion rates of HPMC-based matrices can be modulated by changing the amount and molecular weight of the HPMC. In the present study, four different HPMC-based hydrophilic matrix formulations developed by AstraZeneca R&D, Sweden, were investigated for in vitro as well as in vivo erosion behavior. Formulations F1, F2, and F3 consist of 40% HPMC, which is a mixture of two different HPMC viscosity grades (Methocel K100LV and Methocel K4M). Formulations F1, F2, and F3 contained 23%, 10%, and 0% of Methocel K4M, respectively, while formulation F4 was composed of 20% Methocel K100LV. Calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate (a poorly water-soluble compound) was used as the filling excipient. The in vitro HPMC release from the matrices was investigated using a USP dissolution apparatus II equipped with a stationary basket in a phosphate buffer (PB) pH 6.8 and simulated gastric fluid without pepsin (SGFsp) pH 1.2 at various rotation speeds. The HPMC concentration in the dissolution samples were analyzed using size exclusion chromatography coupled with multiangle light scattering and refractive index detectors (SEC-MALS/RI). In order to establish a correlation function between the magnetic moment and HPMC release, the formulations were tested in a magnetic moment dissolution tester (MMDT), a modified in vitro dissolution apparatus equipped with a magnetometer. The in vivo gastrointestinal imaging and erosion behavior of the tablets were investigated by magnetic marker monitoring (MMM) using a superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) sensor system in five healthy male volunteers at Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Berlin. All formulations were administered after an overnight fast of at least 10 hours. However, formulations 3 and 4 were also administered 30 minutes after a standard FDA breakfast. The in vivo HPMC release was calculated using the correlation function from the recorded in vivo magnetic moment data. A linear correlation function was not observed, since the decrease of the magnetic signal was driven by both erosion and diffusion. The in vitro and in vivo erosion-time profiles show that erosion was strongly dependent on the composition of the formulation. The formulations containing a larger proportion of high molecular weight HPMC, or a higher content of HPMC, exhibited relatively slower erosion rates and vice versa. However, unlike in vitro erosion rates, the in vivo erosion rates for different formulations did not always significantly differ from each other. In vivo erosion rates of the investigated formulations were significantly higher under postprandial administration than under fasted state administration. No rapid disintegration of any of the formulations (that is, formulation failure that can potentially cause dose dumping) was observed. A good linear (point-to-point) correlation between the in vitro HPMC release at 50 rpm in PB pH 6.8 and the in vivo HPMC release was observed for all formulations in the individual volunteers for both administration conditions. The predictability of the in vivo HPMC release for all formulations in fasting as well as postprandial administrations was better with phosphate buffer pH 6.8 at 50 rpm in comparison to SGFsp pH 1.2 or higher stirring rate in phosphate buffer pH 6.8. In postprandial administrations, the gastric emptying time was significantly delayed compared to fasting administrations. For postprandial administrations, the localized erosion rate in the distal stomach was significantly higher than in the proximal stomach. The in vivo HPMC release of the investigated formulations under both intake conditions was not dependent on the motility of the tablet in the gastrointestinal tract. The in vivo HPMC release for all the investigated formulations when administered under fasting conditions was underestimated, while under postprandial conditions, the HPMC release was overestimated by the in vitro dissolution method in PB pH 6.8 at 50 rpm.
  • In dieser Studie wurde Magnetische Marker Monitoring (MMM) verwendet, um das in vivo-Erosionsverhalten von Gel-Matrix-Retardtabletten mit Dicalciumphosphat (DCP) sowie verschiedene Konzentrationen und das Molekulargewicht von Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) zu untersuchen. Außerdem wurde auch der Einfluss von Nahrung auf das Erosionsverhalten für Tabletten, die hohe und niedrige Mengen von HPMC haben, untersucht.

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Author: Arun Kumar Jain
Title Additional (German):Magen-Darm-Transit und Erosionsverhalten von Gel-Matrix-Retardtabletten: Einfluss von Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) Molekulargewicht, der Konzentration und der Nahrungsaufnahme Bedingungen an der in vivo Erosionsverhalten
Advisor:Prof. Dr. Werner Weitschies
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2015/04/01
Granting Institution:Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät (bis 31.05.2018)
Date of final exam:2015/03/27
Release Date:2015/04/01
Tag:HPMC, gel matrix tablets, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, in vivo disolution, magnetic marker monitoring
GND Keyword:HPMC, gel matrix tablets, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, in vivo disolution, magnetic marker monitoring
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Pharmazie
DDC class:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 540 Chemie