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Organic Cation Transporter 1 an Intestinal Uptake Transporter: Fact or Fiction?

  • Intestinal transporter proteins are known to affect the pharmacokinetics and in turn the efficacy and safety of many orally administered drugs in a clinically relevant manner. This knowledge is especially well-established for intestinal ATP-binding cassette transporters such as P-gp and BCRP. In contrast to this, information about intestinal uptake carriers is much more limited although many hydrophilic or ionic drugs are not expected to undergo passive diffusion but probably require specific uptake transporters. A transporter which is controversially discussed with respect to its expression, localization and function in the human intestine is the organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1). This review article provides an up-to-date summary on the available data from expression analysis as well as functional studies in vitro, animal findings and clinical observations. The current evidence suggests that OCT1 is expressed in the human intestine in small amounts (on gene and protein levels), while its cellular localization in the apical or basolateral membrane of the enterocytes remains to be finally defined, but functional data point to a secretory function of the transporter at the basolateral membrane. Thus, OCT1 should not be considered as a classical uptake transporter in the intestine but rather as an intestinal elimination pathway for cationic compounds from the systemic circulation.

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Author: Christoph Wenzel, Marek Drozdzik, Stefan Oswald
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in Pharmacology
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
Document Type:Article
Date of first Publication:2021/04/14
Release Date:2021/06/21
Tag:gene expression; human; intestine; localization; organic cation transporter 1; protein abundance
GND Keyword:-
Faculties:Universitätsmedizin / Institut für Pharmakologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung