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Self-similar sets are a class of fractals which can be rigorously defined and treated by mathematical methods. Their theory has been developed in n-dimensional space, but we have just a few good examples of self-similar sets in three-dimensional space. This thesis has two different aims. First, to extend fractal constructions from two-dimensional space to three-dimensional space. Second, to study some of the properties of these fractals such as finite type, disk-likeness, ball-likeness, and the Hausdorff dimension of boundaries. We will use the neighbor graph tool for creating new fractals, and studying their properties.

A slice is an intersection of a hyperplane and a self-similar set. The main purpose of this work is the mathematical description of slices. A suitable tool to describe slices are branching dynamical systems. Such systems are a generalisation of ordinary discrete dynamical systems for multivalued maps. Simple examples are systems arising from Bernoulli convolutions and beta-representations. The connection between orbits of branching dynamical systems and slices is demsonstrated and conditions are derived under which the geometry of a slice can be computed. A number of interesting 2-d and 3-d slices through 3-d and 4-d fractals is discussed.