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Impact assessment of the pilot policy on benefit-sharing mechanism in management, protection and sustainable development of Special-Use Forests in Vietnam : case study at Bach Ma National Park

  • The research aims at assessing the impacts of the Benefit Sharing Mechanism (BSM) pilot policy on the socioeconomic factors and natural-resource management in the co-management area between the Bach Ma National Park and the Thuong Nhat community. This is a new approach in Special-Use Forests (SUFs) management in Vietnam, which is needed to assess the scaling up of a national policy on co-management of SUFs in the future. A case study was undertaken in the Bach Ma National Park, which was one of the two national parks chosen to pilot the BSM policy under the Prime Minister’s Decision No 126 (Government-126 2012). In this study, both qualitative and quantitative data was collected on BSM implementation schemes; their impacts on local natural-resource use; local awareness of rights, benefits, and responsibilities when participating in the BSM; and local perspectives on the BSM’s achievements, failures, and future potential. Analysis revealed that the local community strongly supported the BSM implementation in the Bach Ma NP, displaying a high level of demand for the measures and significant involvement. Furthermore, thanks to the local people’s participation in the BSM implementation, their household incomes increased and their awareness and practices of NTFP sustainable use and forest protection in the co-management area improved”. The BSM implementation also exposed three main areas of weakness. These included poor compliance with the sustainable-harvest regulations, the apparent over-complexity of the the harvest-application procedures, and the users’ low contributions to the village fund after the NTFP harvest. The current research revealed that, although the local awareness and compliance with the BSM procedures increased annually after BSM implementation, the level of self-management and compliance was still quite low and needed to be improved. Furthermore, some conflicts have arisen between NTFPs users from village to village in Thuong Nhat and between local traders and NTFP collectors. Besides, the research identified two major negative practices: overexploitation of NTFPs and taking advantage of the NTFPs harvest to cut trees or trap animals. This dissertation presents various possibilities for improvement of the BSM implementation through (i) raising local people’s awareness; (ii) simplifying BSM procedures; (iii) clarifying incentives and tasks of BSM actors to enhance co-patrolling and monitoring activities; and (iv) creating good incentives either based on the livelihood program for those who actively comply with the BSM regulations or direct payments to those who join forest-protection activities. Finally, the research scrutinized certain challenges to future duplication of the BSM in other SUFs in Vietnam. To expand the BSM approach to other SUFs, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development needs to develop a guideline for BSM implementation to encourage the relevant stakeholders’ involvement. The guideline for national BSM implementation should take account of the differences between local contexts, as well as create the necessary, flexible regulations to be applicable in practice. Therefore, based on the guideline, additional steps are necessary for the development of appropriate specific measures in the course of the BSM implementation at the provincial and local levels.
  • Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist, die Auswirkungen des Pilotprogramms “Mechanismus für eine gerechte Nutzenverteilung” (BSM) auf sozioökonomische Faktoren und das Naturressourcenmanagement in dem Ko-Management Gebiet des Bach Ma Nationalparks zu bewerten. Um dieses Ziel zu erreichen, wurde eine Fallstudie in dem Bach Ma Nationalpark durchgeführt, welcher zu den zwei ausgewählten Pilotregionen für das BSM Programm zählt. Im Rahmen der Studie wurden sowohl qualitative als auch quantitative Daten erhoben. Stärken und Schwächen des Programms werden in der vorliegenden Arbeit analysiert und bewertet. Basierend auf diesen Ergebnissen werden verschiedene Vorschläge zur Verbesserung des Programms vorgestellt, u.a. das Programm bei der Bevölkerung bekannt zu machen und die Prozesse des Programms zu vereinfachen. Schließlich werden Empfehlungen für die Übertragung des Programms auf andere Gebiete in Vietnam gegeben.

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Metadaten
Author: Vu Linh Nguyen
URN:urn:nbn:de:gbv:9-002405-2
Title Additional (German):Folgenabschätzung des Pilotprogramms „Mechanismus einer gerechten Nutzenverteilung“ für das Management, den Naturschutz und eine nachhaltige Entwicklung von „Special-use forests“ in Vietnam – Fallstudie im Bach Ma Nationalpark
Advisor:Prof. Dr. Susanne Stoll-Kleemann
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2016/01/08
Granting Institution:Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät (bis 31.05.2018)
Date of final exam:2016/01/06
Release Date:2016/01/08
Tag:Bach Ma National Park, Special-Use Forests
GND Keyword:Bach Ma Nationalpark, Naturschutz, Nutzwälder, Vietnam
Faculties:Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / Institut für Geographie und Geologie
DDC class:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 550 Geowissenschaften, Geologie